Top level design of SOE reform over one year Reform of state-owned assets management system-winfast

The reform of the top-level design for a full year: plans for the reform of state-owned assets management system of forming high Jianghong newspaper reporter Intern Wang Lin Beijing reported SOE reform trend gradually in September 13th last year, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued a "guidance" on deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises, has over 1st anniversary. Subsequently, the reform of state-owned enterprises in an orderly manner, 18 supporting documents have been introduced to refine the task, the central enterprises and local pilot effectively promoted, and achieved certain results. The reform of state-owned enterprises has made progress at several levels, such as the classification work carried out by 17 provinces and municipalities, the state-owned enterprises restructuring face has exceeded 80%, the proportion of equity diversification in central enterprises and provincial enterprises has reached 67.7%. State owned enterprises reform construction plans gradually clear, the reform accelerated significantly, achieved no results, but interviewed by reporters and experts believe that state-owned enterprises reform still has many acceleration space. Review twenty-first Century Economic Herald reporter learned that the current reform of state-owned assets management system has also been formed, is the central enterprises and local state-owned assets to solicit opinions, according to the draft, the SASAC will system than in the past has been greatly adjusted, the autonomy of force will also give enterprises greater. SASAC insiders said, the State Council SASAC some departments have begun to move up. After the completion of the consultation program, the adjustment will be made public soon after adjustment. In September 13th last year, the Central Committee of the CPC and the State Council issued the guiding opinions on deepening the reform of state owned enterprises (hereinafter referred to as the "guiding opinions"), which has now reached 1st anniversary. In the past year, all localities and departments, all levels of SASAC and state-owned enterprises have made solid progress in the reform of state-owned enterprises and made important progress." Peng Huagang, Deputy Secretary General of the state owned assets supervision and Administration Commission of the people’s Republic of China, said in an interview with the economic report in September 13th twenty-first Century. At the same time, the state-owned assets supervision has also been improved, this year, SASAC will be 18 powers granted COFCO, SDIC and other state-owned capital investment operating company’s board. Reporters also learned from the SASAC, the current state-owned assets management system reform program has been released, is the central enterprises and local opinions, will soon be officially announced. Since the reform of state-owned enterprises construction plans to gradually clear from the "guidance", the reform of state-owned enterprises significantly accelerate the speed, Peng Huagang said, has formulated the 18 supporting documents, the "1+N" file system of continuous improvement, pointed out the direction for the reform of state-owned enterprises in the new period, established the principle of clear path, materialized the measures". Peng Huagang disclosed that over the past year, the provinces, municipalities, municipalities, Xinjiang production and Construction Corps and the national central enterprises, the establishment of the reform leadership. All localities, combining their own realities, strengthened top-level structure design, and formulated 394 documents on the reform of state-owned enterprises. The "road map" and "construction drawing" of state-owned enterprise reform are gradually clear. The key and difficult problems in the reform of state-owned enterprises are also breaking through one by one. By speeding up the ten pilot reform, clear the list of 21 pilot enterprises and 5 pilot provinces and municipalities, some of the pilot results have gradually emerged, 147 state-owned enterprises to start the pilot reform of state-owned assets, 50 pilot projects have achieved periodic results. In addition, 17 provinces and municipalities have carried out classification work, and the state-owned enterprises face more than 80%,.

国企改革顶层设计满一年:国资管理体制改革方案成形本报记者 高江虹 实习生 王琳 北京报道国企改革趋势渐明去年9月13日,中共中央、国务院印发了《关于深化国有企业改革的指导意见》,至今已满一周年。随后国企改革有序推进,18个配套文件陆续出台从而细化任务,央企和地方试点有效推进,并且取得一定成效。国企改革多个层面取得进展,如17个省市开展了分类工作,全国国有企业改制面已超过80%,央企、省属企业中股权多元化比例已达到67.7%。国企改革施工图逐渐清晰,改革明显加速,取得不小成果,不过接受记者采访的企业和专家认为国企改革尚有诸多加速空间。导读21世纪经济报道记者了解到,目前国资管理体制改革方案也已经成形,正在各大央企和地方国资征求意见,按照初稿,国资委的体制机制将较以往有了较大的调整,也会给国企更大的自主权力。国资委内部人士透露,国务院国资委一些部门调整已经开始动了起来。料方案走完征求意见环节,并进行调整之后会很快公开。去年9月13日,中共中央、国务院印发了《关于深化国有企业改革的指导意见》(以下简称《指导意见》),至今已满一周年。“过去的一年,各地各部门、各级国资委和国有企业,扎实推进国有企业改革各项工作,取得了重要进展。”国务院国资委副秘书长彭华岗9月13日接受21世纪经济报道采访时表示。与此同时,国资监管也有所改进,今年国资委将18项权力授予中粮集团、国投等国有资本投资运营公司的董事会。记者还从国资委内部获悉,目前国资管理体制改革方案已经出炉,正在各大央企和地方征求意见,很快就将正式公布。国企改革施工图渐清晰自《指导意见》公布以来,国企改革的速度明显加速,彭华岗表示,目前已制定出台了18个配套文件,“1+N”文件体系不断完善,为新时期国有企业改革“指明了方向,确立了原则,明确了路径,实化了措施”。彭华岗披露,过去一年,各省区市、计划单列市、新疆生产建设兵团和全国中央企业,都成立了改革领导机构。各地结合自身实际,加强顶层结构设计,共制定出台国有企业改革文件394件。国企改革的“路线图”和“施工图”逐渐清晰。国企改革的重点难点问题也逐一有所突破。通过加快推进十项改革试点,明确了21家试点企业和5个试点省市的名单,一些试点的成效已经逐步显现,各地启动国企国资改革试点共147项,已有50项试点取得阶段性成果。另外,17个省市开展了分类工作,全国国有企业改制面已超过80%,央企、省属企业中股权多元化比例已达到67.7%。据悉,宝钢、新兴际华集团等五家企业的董事会采取市场化方式,选聘了1名总经理和13名副总经理,各地和中央国有企业,不断深化三项制度改革,企业经营机制进一步转换。围绕供给侧结构性改革,彭华岗表示国资委大力推进央企瘦身健体、提质增效,中央企业从2012年底的115家调整到目前的104家,铁塔公司组建以来节约投资近500亿元、土地资源1.3万亩,中央企业分离移交“三供一业”试点工作在黑龙江已基本完成、在河南等九省市有序推进。在国资监管层面,彭华岗介绍称国资委已取消下放21项监管工作事项,废止政治性文件139件,各省级国资委共取消下放462项审批事项。今年国资委又将18项权力授予中粮集团、国投等国有资本投资运营公司的董事会。记者还了解到,目前国资管理体制改革方案也已经成形,正在各大央企和地方国资征求意见,按照初稿,国资委的体制机制将较以往有了较大的调整,也会给国企更大的自主权力。国资委内部人士透露,国务院国资委一些部门调整已经开始动了起来。料方案走完征求意见环节,并进行调整之后会很快公开。地方层面的国资管理体制调整则还没有那么快推进,广东省国资委主任李成表示,虽然广东国资委向地方国企提供不少授权,也调整了一些监管方式,但是总体上国资管理体系还没有大的改变,要遵照国务院国资委的国资管理体制的改革方案来进行。试点在央企与地方开花为了让国企改革稳妥推进,在推进各项改革的同时,过去一年国资委主要采用试点的方式先行先试,形成一些典型经验,以供其他国企借鉴推广。国资委先后选定21家企业参与到国有资本投资运营公司、央企兼并重组、落实董事会职权、国企信息公开等十余项试点改革。其中,中粮集团、国投公司继续深化国有资本投资运营公司试点工作,并陆续将21项权利归位于或授予企业。在此基础上,诚通集团、中国国新被选为开展国有资本运营公司试点,神华集团、宝钢、武钢、中国五矿、招商局集团、中交集团、保利集团等7家企业被选为开展国有资本投资公司试点。中建材和中材集团则被选为央企兼并重组试点。试点企业在过去一年基本上都已经拿出明确的试点方案,并迅速推进。如国投公司探索国有资本投资公司功能定位、体制机制和运营模式等重大课题。国投公司改革工作办公室副主任尚鸣指出,从管资产向管资本转变的过程中,国投提出了“分类授权”概念,将子公司划分为充分授权、部分授权、优化管理三类。这一年来便在持续在做这一工作,不断向下级企业授权。今年8月国投集团二级子公司国投电力的董事会便开始拥有完整的人事权、薪酬分配权等70余项授权。该集团新兴战略板块所获得的授权项更多,多达76项。在向子企业充分授权,打造“小总部、大产业”的情况下,国投也对自己的总部集团开了刀,尚鸣表示, 8月23日,国投印发了《国家开发投资公司总部职能重塑优化改革方案》,按照方案,国投总部在七天内完成职能整合与部门精简。将总部职能与子公司职能进行更明确的分工定位。除了央企方面试点工作进展神速外,五个试点省市也各自有所收获。在分类改革方面,上海市将市管企业分为竞争、功能和公共服务三类,进一步实践了分类定责、分类发展和分类考核。山东制定了省属企业功能界定和分类方案,执行分类改革和分类监管。在市场化选人用人方面,广东实践了省属企业新选任经理班子职能的任期制和聘任制,并在产权交易集团试点了整个经理班子的市场化选聘。山东先后在23户企业实现了高管人员契约化管理,占省管企业的77%。在三项制度改革方面,重庆市属重点国有企业工资总额管理权限下放,并规定市场化选聘的高级职业经理人薪酬不受工资总额限制。重庆市国资委党委委员周登署透露,重庆市正积极搭建国有资本投资运营“3+3+1”平台,推进建工股份等国企优质资产证券化,加大供给侧结构性改革力度,加快“僵尸企业”和空壳企业处置。今年以来,重庆市以资本为纽带、以重组为主线,围绕增强国有企业活力、提高国有资本运营效率,不断深化国企国资改革,改革红利得到有效释放。国企改革还有加速空间尽管过去一年国企改革明显加速,获得不小的成果,接受记者采访的企业和专家认为国企改革尚有诸多加速空间。北京师范大学公司治理与企业发展研究中心主任高明华表示,过去一年在推进国企改革之时,总是再三强调“防止国资流失”,这一提法一再束缚国企和地方政府改革的手脚,与其重点在防止国资流失,不如放在“促进国资增值”来得更有效益。高明华还指出,民营资本的投资需求很强劲,今年上半年民营资本的投资方向有一半放在海外,“怎么能吸引这些资金放在国内,参与国企改革,需要给他们足够的信心”,高明华表示混合所有制的推动,需要引入真正的非国有资本,而这些非国有资本的入场需要足够的政策法律保护,让其安心进来混合。“未来的国企改革一定要有系统性。”中国社科院工业经济研究所所长黄群慧指出,目前各大央企都在进行各项试点,实际上每个样本企业的改革并非孤本,即便该央企只是作为市场化选聘或薪酬体制改革的试点,仍然需要董事会职能改革和分类改革等方面的来配合,“不管是宏观的分类试点、混合所有制改革,还是微观上的市场化选聘、薪酬改革等,只有系统地推进才能获得改革的成功”。更多精彩内容欢迎搜索关注微信公众号:腾讯财经(financeapp)。相关的主题文章: